Storage costs can also vary depending on whether temperature control is needed (e.g. for fresh food or cosmetics products) or whether particular security measures need to be taken (e.g. for hazardous materials). Consequently, for example, with products requiring cooling, merchants can expect higher warehousing costs than for non-temperature controlled storage units.
This is because logistics providers need to own or invest in specific cooling units to keep the temperature within a set range, which involves higher energy consumption and consequently higher warehousing costs.
The relevant Key Performance Indicator (KPI) in the determination of incurred costs during storage are pallet or shelf spaces. Shelf spaces are an important factor regarding the storage of smaller quantities. The way shelf space is used influences the picking efficiency.
Picking efficiency is determined by different factors, such as the type of shelves used for storage (e.g. high racking shelves) or by picking distances – e.g. higher picking distances lead to lower picking efficiency and this in turn to higher fulfillment costs. The warehousing costs for shelf spaces range from 0.80-3.50 EUR per month depending on the size of the respective products.
The warehousing costs for pallet spaces are more comparable than the costs for used shelf space, as pallet space is a standard measure. Nevertheless, there is a price differentiation between CCG1 and CCG2 pallets depending on their height and weight.
pallets are pallets with a maximum loading height of 105cm (including
15cm pallet timber) and CCG2 pallets have a maximum loading height of
160-195cm (including 15cm pallet timber). For a standard CCG1 EURO
pallet the price per month lies between 6.00-9.00 EUR.